Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip's Relationship Timeline

Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip had their royal wedding on November 20, 1947, and were married for more than 70 years before his death on April 9, 2021. Here is a complete timeline of their relationship

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October 1946: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip lock eyes at cousin's wedding

Prince Philip of Greece, later the Duke of Edinburgh, acts as an usher, assisting Princess Elizabeth
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A short video of the then-Prince Philip of Greece and young Princess Elizabeth locking eyes at their mutual cousin's, Lady Patricia Mountbatten, wedding — in which she was a bridesmaid — sparked rumors of a potential romance between the two. The rumors would prove to be true, as the two were engaged by July of the following year.

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July 9, 1947: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip announce their engagement

Royal Engagement
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Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip announced their engagement in the summer of 1947. The future monarch was 21 at the time but had been in love with Philip since she was just a teenager.

When he proposed, he used diamonds from a tiara belonging to his mother, Princess Andrew of Greece, to make a stunning diamond engagement ring for his bride-to-be.

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July 16, 1947: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip dance together in Scotland

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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The newly-engaged couple shared their first dance in public at a ball at the Assembly Rooms in Edinburgh, Scotland, in July 1947. The celebratory event was held to welcome the royal family to Scotland, according to city paper Edinburgh Evening News.

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November 20, 1947: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip get married

Married Couple
Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip on their wedding day. Hulton Archive/Getty

The royals wed on November 20, 1947, at Westminster Abbey. It was shortly after the end of World War II, so then-Princess Elizabeth used ration coupons to buy the material for her bridal gown, which was designed by Norman Hartnell.

"With her bridal dress and tiara on her wedding day, she was a knockout," one of her bridesmaids, Lady Pamela Hicks, told PEOPLE. "And, of course, Philip was every girl's dream Viking prince."

Hicks told PEOPLE how Hartnell made the future monarch's dress in satin with tulle and embroidered with diamante flowers and pearls, whereas the bridesmaids' versions were the reverse, made mainly with "tulle with little satin flowers." She added, "Tulle could easily be acquired, whereas duchess satin was so difficult to get in those days."

"The princess had that marvelous complexion — that skin was so wonderful," Hicks continued. "She really was radiant, with her diamond tiara on top. And she was very much in love."

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November 20, 1947: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip pose for wedding photos

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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They've only got eyes for each other! The pair looked at one another while posing for wedding photos with their family and members of European nobility.

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November 1947: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip go on their honeymoon

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth smile at one another while walking arm-in-arm outside.
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Then-Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh enjoyed a walk during their honeymoon at Broadlands, Romsey, Hampshire.

Broadlands House in Hampshire was owned by Prince Philip's uncle, Lord Mountbatten. They then traveled to Birkhall Lodge on Balmoral estate in Scotland.

For their 60th anniversary, they recreated their honeymoon photo, with the Queen hooking her right hand through Prince Philip's arm as he gazed lovingly her. In addition to the couple wearing almost identical outfits, the monarch also sported a strikingly similar brooch and necklace in both photos.

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August 1951: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip spend time with Prince Charles and Princess Anne

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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In the early years of their marriage, the pair spent time together with their eldest two children, Prince Charles and Princess Anne, on the grounds of Clarence House in London in fall 1951.

Then-Prince Charles was born in Buckingham Palace on Nov. 14, 1948, and was named heir to the British throne upon his birth. When he was 9 years old, Prince Charles was named Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester. Princess Anne was born two years later on Aug. 15, 1950, in London.

Prince Philip once famously said of his only daughter, an avid equestrian, "If it doesn't fart or eat hay, she isn't interested."

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October 1951: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip go square dancing in Canada

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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The two swung each other 'round and 'round while square dancing at a cowboy dress party during a royal tour of Canada. According to the CDC, Canada had thoroughly prepared to host the month-long journey of the royal couple.

Three months ahead of their arrival, government officials advised Canadians on proper greetings and correct attire. "It's bad taste to gush," one official said.

"A messed-up curtsy or bow is a horrible thing to behold," observed another before explaining, in detail, how to properly greet the royal couple.

A few months after the tour, Princess Elizabeth's father, George, died in his sleep on Feb. 6, 1952, making her the new monarch at age 25.

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September 1955: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip play with their young children

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In 1955, the children were photographed being pushed on a swing by the Duke of Edinburgh during the royal family holiday at Balmoral Castle in the Scottish Highlands. The Queen looked on while petting their family dog.

Years later on World Photography Day in August 2015, the royal family shared a throwback photo on Instagram of the Queen posing for a portrait with a laughing Prince Charles and Princess Anne in 1954.

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June 1959: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip pose for a photo at Windsor Castle

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Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip posed together for a photo on the grounds of Windsor Castle, accompanied by one of the monarch's beloved corgis.

The Queen has owned corgis and dorgis (a cross with a dachshund) all her adult life.

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May 1961: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip attend 'Snow White'

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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The pair smiled and waved as they left Liverpool after attending an ice show of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in May 1961. She sported one of her signature tiaras.

In the film adaptation of Downton Abbey, the Queen's go-to tiara made a cameo. Photos from the movie showed Geraldine James as Queen Mary wearing the Vladimir Tiara, one of her favorite sparkling head-toppers — and a piece she inherited directly from her grandmother.

The tiara has an amazing history. It was commissioned as a wedding gift in 1874 when Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin became a member of the Romanov dynasty (and Grand Duchess Vladimir) upon her marriage to Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia. Romanov court jeweler Bolin created the headpiece, which became known as the Vladimir Tiara.

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June 1961: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip are photographed with John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy

The Kennedys With The Queen
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At Buckingham Palace, during a banquet held in his honor, American President John F. Kennedy and his wife, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, posed with Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip.

JFK brought a small token for Queen Elizabeth: a signed portrait in a silver frame from Tiffany & Co. A full, formal state visit was expected to follow, but JFK was assassinated two years later in 1963.

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April 1967: Queen Elizabeth awards Prince Philip and Prince Charles with trophies after a polo match

Trophies For The Princes
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In 1967, Queen Elizabeth awarded Prince Philip and Prince Charles with trophies after a polo match. Prince Philip was encouraged to play polo by his uncle, Lord Louis Mountbatten, and competed in the sport until he was 50.

Just like Prince Philip and Prince Charles, Prince William and Prince Harry have all been regulars on the polo pitch.

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September 1972: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip play with Prince Andrew and Prince Edward

Royalty - Queen and Family at Balmoral Castle
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The couple later added two more sons to their family: Prince Andrew in 1960 and Prince Edward in 1964. They were photographed in 1972 playing wiht the two boys and their dogs.

Prince Andrew was born on Feb. 19, 1960. Like his brother Charles, Prince Andrew served in the British Royal Navy after completing his education and was eventually awarded Royal Air Force Wings by his father.

Prince Edward was born on March 10, 1964, in Buckingham Palace. Though the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh's "most charming and sensitive son" largely flies under the radar, he made waves in 1987 when he resigned from the Royal Marines during early training — reportedly to his father's chagrin.

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December 1972: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip take family photo for their Christmas card

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A family photo taken at Balmoral Castle served as their 1972 Christmas card, an annual holiday tradition for the couple, who personally signed the cards for staff.

The Queen rarely spoke publicly about her family, though, in her 1972 wedding anniversary speech, she said, "If I am asked what I think about family life after 25 years of marriage, I can answer with equal simplicity and conviction, I am for it."

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September 1976: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip enjoy some downtime at Balmoral Castle

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip relaxed at Balmoral Castle with one of their famous dogs, Monty. The pup starred in the short film that played during the opening ceremony of the London 2012 Olympic Games when the monarch joined James Bond star Daniel Craig for a memorable sketch.

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February 1977: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visit Fiji

At the age of 95 Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh today announced he was retiring from his official Royal duties after 70 years dedicated service to Britain and Her Majesty the Queen.
Zak Hussein/Splash

As part of the Silver Jubilee Celebrations, the couple visited Fiji in 1977. The Queen has stayed in the Grand Pacific Hotel in Fiji at least five times. Prince Harry and Meghan Markle also stayed there in October 2018.

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February 1979: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip wave from the royal Britannia yacht in Kuwait

Anwar Hussein Collection
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While aboard the royal yacht Britannia, the Queen and Prince Philip waved farewell to the Emir of Kuwait and his ministers. The visit to Kuwait was the first leg of a six-part tour of Arab States, according to The New York Times.

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May 1979: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip sit on their thrones at the State Opening of Parliament

Royals Enthroned
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Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip sat on their thrones at the State Opening of Parliament in 1979.

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April 1982: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip share a kiss

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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The couple shared a quick kiss at the airport in Ottawa, Canada, before Queen Elizabeth boarded a plane for London.

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October 1982: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip take a royal tour of Australia and the South Pacific

Royals In Fiji
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The royal couple paid a visit to the island of Bau, near Suva, Fiji, during their royal tour of Australia and the South Pacific.

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July 23, 1986: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip ride in carriage on way to wedding of Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson

Queen Elizabeth & Philip In Carriage
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Queen Elizabeth and her husband rode in the royal carriage on their way to Westminster Abbey for the wedding of their son Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson.

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December 1999: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip celebrate New Year's Eve together

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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The couple ushered in the new millennium together on New Year's Eve 1999.

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July 2001: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip meet with George W. Bush

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The British royals met U.S. President George W. Bush and his wife Laura (not pictured) at Buckingham Palace.

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August 2005: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip await the President of Malta

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Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip waited to receive the President of Malta, Dr. Edward Fenech-Adami, and his wife, Mary, at Balmoral Castle.

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June 15, 2006: Prince Philip shares a laugh with Queen Elizabeth in honor of her 80th birthday

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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The couple shared a laugh together while attending a service at St. Paul's Cathedral in celebration of the Queen's 80th birthday on June 15, 2006.

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November 2007: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip celebrate their diamond wedding anniversary

Queen & Duke of Edinburgh Diamond Wedding Anniversary
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The duo revisited Broadlands, their honeymoon destination, to mark their diamond wedding anniversary (60 years!). They looked very much in love while posing for photos on the grounds. Broadlands was once home to Prince Philip's uncle, Earl Mountbatton.

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April 2014: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip bid farewell to Irish President Michael D. Higgins

Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
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The couple laughed while bidding farewell to Irish President Michael D. Higgins and his wife Sabina at the end of their official visit to Windsor Castle.

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December 2016: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip attend an event with Prince William and Kate Middleton

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Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip, Prince William and Kate Middleton got all dolled up to attend the Queen's Diplomatic Reception at Buckingham Palace.

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April 2017: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip feed an elephant

The Queen & Duke Of Edinburgh Visit Bedfordshire
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Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip fed elephant Donna during the opening of the new Centre for Elephant Care at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo.

In late September 2022, after the Queen's death, the zoo would name elephant Donna's baby calf in honor of the monarch. The elephant was named Nang Phaya, meaning "queen" in Thai. Queen Elizabeth became a patron of the Zoological Society of London (ZSL), which operates the ZSL Whipsnade Zoo, in 1953, the year of her coronation, per ZSL.

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June 2018: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip attend the Royal Windsor Cup polo match

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Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip. Antony Jones/Getty Images

Although Philip retired from royal duty in 2017, he often joined his wife for special outings, such as 2018's Royal Windsor Cup polo match.

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June 2020: Queen Elizabeth poses for portrait next to Prince Philip for his 99th birthday

The Queen And The Duke Of Edinburgh Release A Photograph To Celebrate The Duke's 99th Birthday
Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip. Steve Parsons/Press Association via Getty

Buckingham Palace shared a rare photo of the Duke of Edinburgh with Queen Elizabeth to mark his 99th birthday on June 10, 2020.

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November 2020: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip celebrate their 73rd wedding anniversary

Queen & Duke Of Edinburgh 73rd Wedding Anniversary Official Portrait
Queen and Duke of Edinburgh on Their 73rd Wedding Anniversary. Chris Jackson/Getty Images

The Queen and Prince Philip celebrated their 73rd wedding anniversary with a homemade anniversary card from great-grandchildren Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis.

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April 9, 2021: Queen Elizabeth announces the death of husband Prince Philip

On April 9, 2021, Prince Philip died at the age of 99.

Buckingham Palace issued the following statement: "It is with deep sorrow that Her Majesty The Queen announces the death of her beloved husband, His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. His Royal Highness passed away peacefully this morning at Windsor Castle."

The couple was married for over seven decades, maintaining the longest royal marriage in history. It would have been the couple's 74th anniversary on Nov. 20, 2022.

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September 2021: Prince Harry calls Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip the "most adorable couple"

A few months after Prince Philip's death in April 2021, his grandson Prince Harry reflected on the "incredible bond" the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh shared in the BBC One documentary in the new documentary Prince Philip: The Royal Family Remembers.

"The two of them together were just the most adorable couple," the Duke of Sussex said. "To me, knowing the cheekiness of him and knowing that behind what the world sees you have two individuals who were very much in love and both, from a very young age, have dedicated their life to service — that is an incredible bond between two people."

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October 2021: Queen Elizabeth speaks about Prince Philip for first time since his death

For the first time since his death in April 2021, Queen Elizabeth spoke about her late husband in her address at the opening ceremony for the sixth session of the Scottish Parliament in October 2021.

"I have spoken before of my deep and abiding affection for this wonderful country, and of the many happy memories Prince Philip and I always held of our time here," the Queen said in her speech. "It is often said that it is the people that make a place, and there are few places where this is truer than in Scotland, as we have seen in recent times."

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November 2021: Queen Elizabeth sits beside photo of Prince Philip in a video

The Queen honored her late husband's fight for climate change in a video addressed to the attendees at the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow. In the recorded speech from Windsor Castle, the monarch championed the crusade Prince Philip passed down to his children and grandchildren.

"The impact of the environment on human progress was a subject close to the heart of my dear late husband," said the Queen, who was sitting next to a photo of the Duke of Edinburgh and wearing a brooch that is thought to have been a wedding gift.

She added, "It is a source of great pride to me that the leading role my husband played in encouraging people to protect our fragile planet lives on through the work of our eldest son, Charles, and his eldest son, William. I could not be more proud of them."

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December 2021: Queen Elizabeth pays tribute to Prince Philip for Christmas

With the broadcast of her Christmas Day speech, Queen Elizabeth paid tribute to her late husband. She wore the same sapphire chrysanthemum brooch that she wore for a photocall on her honeymoon in 1947 and when the couple celebrated their diamond wedding anniversary in 2007. She also sat beside a picture of her and Prince Philip from an anniversary celebration at Broadlands Country House.

The annual holiday tradition was the first the Queen spent without her husband. "She'll be missing his companionship deeply," a source close to her said at the time.

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April 21, 2022: Queen Elizabeth spends her last birthday in Prince Philip's favorite place

Buckingham Palace confirmed that Queen Elizabeth would commemorate her 96th birthday in a special place her late husband cherished: Sandringham estate in Norfolk. The palace told PEOPLE that the Queen would be spending her birthday privately.

While the British monarch spent most of her time at Buckingham Palace in London, fulfilling her royal duties, Prince Philip retreated to the five-bedroom Wood Farm home on the Sandringham estate. He would engage in activities like carriage driving and painting there. Sandringham "has a fantastic outlook from the front across the amazing landscaped gardens," former bodyguard Ken Wharfe told PEOPLE in the winter issue Royals.

"She doesn't have to be monarch there," added another former staffer. "She can be Elizabeth rather than the Queen."

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September 2022: Queen Elizabeth is laid to rest next to Prince Philip

Following her death on Sept. 8, 2022, at Balmoral Castle, at age 96, the Queen's final resting place will be at St. George's Chapel, next to her husband Prince Philip. She was the longest-reigning monarch.

An official state funeral was held at Westminster Abbey before a committal service in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. Prince Phillip, who died in April 2021, will be moved from the Royal Vault beneath the chapel, where he was temporarily interred, and put beside his wife, according to The Telegraph.

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