July 31, 2018 09:33 AM

Meghan Markle‘s 37th birthday on August 4 is a big day for the royal family. Not only does it mark Meghan’s first official birthday as the Duchess of Sussex, it’s also the birthday of another important royal: the late Queen Mum, Queen Elizabeth‘s beloved mother.

The Queen Mum, born Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon on August 4, 1900, was an important member of the royal family. One of nine children, she was intelligent and well-educated, and spoke French fluently by age 10 after receiving home-schooling lessons, according to the royal family’s official website. She met her husband, then Prince Albert, in her late teens and they married in 1923. The couple’s first daughter, Princess Elizabeth was born in 1926, and their second, Princess Margaret, in 1930.

The Queen Mum and her husband unexpectedly claimed the throne (following the abdication of Prince Edward over his marriage to American divorcée Wallis Simpson) in 1937, and she immediately made it the central duty of her and her family.

The Queen Mum and Queen Elizabeth
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She was so dedicated that when World War II began and officials suggested she move with her children to North America, she famously responded, “The children will not leave unless I do. I shall not leave unless their father does, and the King will not leave the country in any circumstances whatsoever.”

The Queen Mother and Queen Elizabeth as a baby
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As a new mother, the Queen Mum was attached to baby Elizabeth and spoke openly about how hard it was to leave her to fulfill her royal duties. When she and Albert had to travel to Australia in 1927, she wrote in her diary that she felt “very miserable at leaving the baby,” according to the biography, The Queen Mother.

The Queen Mother
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When her husband died in 1952, many thought the Queen Mum would become a recluse since she was so devoted to her husband — but she stayed active because of her obligations to her family and the people. She was also especially close with her grandson Prince Charles.

The Queen Mother, Prince William and Princess Diana
Tim Graham/Getty

The Queen Mum also cared deeply about her great-grandchildren. According to The Guardian, she placed £19 million in trusts for them to be passed on after she died in March 2002. She left the bulk of her estate, between £50 and £70 million to Queen Elizabeth. (Princess Margaret died less than two months before her mother.)

Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

The Queen Mum’s primary legacy is that she was one of the most popular members of the monarchy, according to Ipsos, and probably played a big role in how beloved the family is today.

Meghan Markle and Prince Harry
Chris Jackson/Getty Images
Meghan Markle and Prince Harry
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Meghan Markle will be celebrating her birthday this year at the wedding of one of Prince Harry’s best friends, Charlie Van Sttraubenzee, to Daisy Jenks. Last year, she and Harry spent her birthday in Africa on a safari vacation.

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