Lifestyle Health HIV-Prevention Drugs Will Soon Be Available Without a Prescription at California Pharmacies The new law will make California the first state to allow pharmacists to dispense PrEP and PEP drugs to customers over the counter By Jen Juneau Jen Juneau Twitter Jen Juneau is a digital news writer for PEOPLE. A '90s teen and horror film connoisseur, she started at the brand in 2016, after a decade of working as a technical writer and then moonlighting as a journalist beginning in 2013. Originally from New Orleans, Jen grew up both in NOLA and Florida and eventually attended the University of Central Florida in Orlando (still her home base!), where she earned a bachelor's in English/technical communication, with a minor in magazine journalism. People Editorial Guidelines Published on October 9, 2019 11:25 AM Share Tweet Pin Email Photo: Rich Pedroncelli/AP/Shutterstock California is making history by becoming the first state to offer HIV-prevention drugs over the counter. A statement released Monday by the office of California governor Gavin Newsom said he has signed bill SB 159 into law, which “authorizes pharmacists to furnish pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP and PEP) without a physician’s prescription” and “prohibits insurance companies from requiring prior authorizations for patients to obtain PrEP coverage.” “Recent breakthroughs in the prevention and treatment of HIV can save lives,” said Governor Newsom. “All Californians deserve access to PrEP and PEP, two treatments that have transformed our fight against HIV and AIDS.” The new law will go into effect Jan. 1, according to Equality California. SB 159 was first passed by the California legislature last month, allowing pharmacists to dispense up to a 60-day supply of PrEP (sold under brand names like Truvada and the newly FDA-approved Descovy) and full doses of PEP, The New York Times reports. Patients must also provide proof of testing negative for the virus before receiving the drugs. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “When taken daily, PrEP is highly effective for preventing HIV from sex or injection drug use.” Brand-name PrEP medications Descovy and Truvada. Rich Pedroncelli/AP/Shutterstock HIV Patient in London Appears to Be Second Person Ever Cured: “There Is No Virus There” “Studies have shown that PrEP reduces the risk of getting HIV from sex by about 99 percent when taken daily,” the CDC continues. “Among people who inject drugs, PrEP reduces the risk of getting HIV by at least 74 percent when taken daily.” PEP, on the other hand, are “antiretroviral medicines (ART)” that “should be used only in emergency situations and must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV,” according to the CDC. Spukkato/Getty RELATED VIDEO: ABC Correspondent Karl Schmid Reveals He’s HIV-Positive: “I Want to Be Loved and Accepted” “The HIV epidemic is still a pressing issue today — especially for LGBTQ people of color and folks in rural communities. But with Governor Newsom’s signature, SB 159 is a giant step forward in getting to zero transmissions, zero deaths and zero stigma,” Equality California Executive Director Rick Zbur said in a statement about the new law. “By increasing access to life-saving HIV prevention medication, California — unlike the White House — is leading the country in the race to eliminate HIV.” “I applaud the Legislature for taking action to expand access to these treatments and getting us closer to ending HIV and AIDS for good,” Governor Newsom added in his Monday statement.